My Green Labs: Waste Not

Operational E 2

Waste Not As sustainability becomes increasingly important, laboratories have emerged as the next major frontier.  The opportunity for energy reduction is enormous, as laboratories consume 5-10 times more energy per square foot than typical offices.  Similarly, research facilities also offer disproportionate opportunities for water conservation, waste reduction, and more sustainable selection of consumables, reagents, and … Read more

SEO Score and Ranking; 4 Ways to Improve Your Own

Digital M 3

Introduction to Your SEO Score Search Engine Optimisation (SEO) refers to the efforts made upon each page of a website to ensure the highest Search Engine Results Page (SERP) position. Search engines such as Google and Bing use highly sophisticated bots to crawl each and every webpage (new and old) and award it with an … Read more

Introduction to Thyroid Markers

Science 5

Thyroid Markers Thyroid disease is a medical condition that affects the function of the thyroid gland (the endocrine organ found at the front of the neck that produces thyroid hormones). The symptoms of thyroid disease vary depending on the type. There are four general types: 1) hypothyroidism (low function) caused by not having enough thyroid … Read more

Introduction to Serology Markers

Science 2

What Are Serology Markers? Serology is the scientific study of serum and other bodily fluids. The term usually refers to the diagnostic identification of antibodies in the serum. Such antibodies are typically formed in response to an infection (against a given microorganism), against other foreign proteins (in response, for example, to a mismatched blood transfusion), … Read more

Introduction to Markers of Infectious diseases

Science 4

Infectious disease is defined by the pathology associated with infection. Infection is the invasion of an organism’s tissues by disease-causing intruders, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to these intruders and the toxins they produce. An infectious disease can be the result of the intruder’s damaging activity, by its produced toxins, by the … Read more

Introduction to Diabetes and Metabolism Markers.

Science 3

Metabolism is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells. The three main purposes of metabolism are: the conversion of food to energy to run cellular processes, the conversion of food to building blocks for proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, and some carbohydrates, and the elimination of wastes. These enzyme-catalysed reactions allow organisms to grow … Read more

Introduction to Cardiovascular Disease markers

Science 2

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the group of anomalies that involve the circulatory system (heart and/or blood vessels). Examples of CVD are coronary artery diseases (such as angina and myocardial infarction, aka heart attack), stroke, many heart-related ailments, venous thrombosis, and peripheral artery disease. The underlying mechanism behind this myriad of diseases remains elusive. Arteriosclerosis (hardening … Read more

In Vitro and In Vivo Mab Production

Science 1

Preface This paper is mainly based on the publication of the National Research Council (US) Committee on Methods of Producing Monoclonal Antibodies. Monoclonal Antibody Production. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 1999, referred to in the text as (NCR 1999) a few times. ISBN: 0-309-51904-7, 74 pages, 6 x 9 PMID: 22934324,  http://www.nap.edu/catalog/9450.html Large parts … Read more

Introduction to Tumour Markers

Science 5

Tumour markers For both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes, cancer markers are being monitored to get an idea about the status of the disease. However, most individual cancer markers are not highly specific, because they are not exclusively expressed and secreted by tumour cells. Therefore, instead of the mere presence of one marker, specificity is often … Read more

Introduction to Inflammation Markers

Science 2

Inflammation markers Inflammation is the body’s generic response to pathogens, irritants, or damaged cells, and it is considered a hallmark of the innate immune response. Its function is to eliminate the initial causes of cell damage, to remove necrotic cells and tissues and to initiate tissue repair.  The classical signs of acute inflammation are heat, … Read more